A day after a Shetkari Sanghatana (SS) leader in Akola district of Maharashtra planted illegal Genetically Modified (GM) seeds, the officers from Agriculture Department on Tuesday searched his house and collected the seed samples to be sent to the testing. Hundreds of farmers on Monday had joined in what they termed as the ‘civil disobedience’ movement, to protest central government’s indecisiveness in approving the next generation of GM cotton, as farmer leader Lalit Patil-Bahale sowed seeds of the illegal herbicide tolerant (HT) Bt cotton and Bt Brinjal, in his field in Akoli Jahangir in Akola’s Akot tehsil.The open defiance of law was organised by SS, a farmers’ organisation which has been an advocate of open market in the field of agriculture.“Today, the officials from the Agriculture department visited my house and seized samples of seeds which were sown yesterday. I had openly announced that we will be breaking the law and was ready for any type of repercussions,” said Mr Patil-Bahale.He said that the officials told him that samples will be sent for tests to determine whether it was really a banned HTBt cotton seed. “If they had decided to wait to test on cotton crop, then they would have had to wait for two months. It seems they were in a hurry,” he said. Akola district collector Jitendra Papalkar told The Hindu that the farmers’ body has committed an illegal act. “We have sent a team of agriculture officers and will be seeking the report from them, following which necessary action would be taken,” he said.Breaking law by planting unapproved GM seed may attract imprisonment of up to five years and monetary fine worth ₹1 lakh.The anti-GM crop activists too had termed the action by SS as one similar to bio-terrorism, risking the lives of future generations.
Maharashtra’s economy grew at an estimated 7.5% in 2018-19, the same pace as the year before it, but growth in the agricultural sector collapsed to a mere 0.4% and crop output shrank by a sharp 8%.With industrial growth also contracting, it was only a sharp 9.2% growth in the Services sector that helped the State retain the 7.5% growth rate, as per the Economic Survey tabled in the Assembly on Monday.The agriculture and allied activities sector is expected to grow by 0.4% compared to 3.1% in 2017-18 while industry may grow by 6.9% compared to 7.6 % in the previous fiscal. Only the services sector is predicted to grow faster than the 8.1% recorded in 2017-18. What should set off alarm bells about the State’s agrarian economy is the 8% contraction in crop production during the year gone by. “The State is facing consecutive droughts. The drop in crop production is a result of that. Despite that, we have managed to keep the overall growth rate at more than that of the Indian economy,” said Finance Minister Sudhir Mungantiwar. “We are expected to maintain the pace of the growth despite odds,” he said, adding that the real Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) is estimated to be ₹20,88,835 crore with expected growth of 7.5%. Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis has set a target to make Maharashtra a trillion dollar economy by 2025. Maharashtra is presently a $400 billion economy.The Opposition has raised doubts about the numbers quoted in the survey, and demanded a close scrutiny. Former chief minister and senior Congress leader Prithviraj Chavan flagged some doubts on the authenticity of figures and said the agricultural growth rate had been revised by almost 12%. “As per the Economic Survey of 2017-18, the estimated agriculture development rate was (-) 8.3%. In the present survey, it has been revised to 3.4%. It is impossible to have such a big change of almost 12%. The government should show proof of such drastic changes,” he said. Dhananjay Munde, the Leader of Opposition in the Legislative Council said there was a need to set up an “all-party members’ committee” for evaluation of the Economic Survey.According to the survey, the State witnessed average rainfall (84.3% of the normal) in 2017-18, 10.7 percentage points lower than 2016-17. Production of food grain, oilseeds and cotton decreased by about 15.1%, 17.7% and 43.3% respectively while that of sugarcane, fruits and vegetables increased by 53.3%, 10.3% and 17% respectively. The survey estimates the growth rate of mining & quarrying and manufacturing sectors within the industry as 2.9% and 7.1% for 2018-19, up from 7.2% and 7.7% in 2017-18. Mr. Mungantiwar said that the State has registered growth in per capita income during 2018-19 at ₹1,91,827 from ₹1,76,102 of 2017-18. The State however, ranks at number three behind Karnataka and Telangana nationally.
Stay hungry, Chot urges PH Catriona Gray spends Thanksgiving by preparing meals for people with illnesses Valdez, who leads the Philippines in scoring with 14 points a game, will look to swing the Philippines back into the win column after suffering a disappointing three-set loss to Kazakhstan at the end of the group stages.The Filipinos’ 25-23, 25-20, 25-19 defeat left them at second in Pool A with a 1-1 record while Korea, despite sitting out Kim for the first two group stage games, went 3-0 to top Pool C.And while Valdez played in all of the Philippines’ games, Kim played in just one as she had to rest after playing for nearly a month in the FIVB World Grand Prix.Valdez knows that the 79th-ranked Philippines will be a definitive underdog against the 10th best team in the world.“It’s going to be a tougher second round because there’s Korea, Vietnam but we’re here to fight,” said Valdez. “We’re here to learn, we’re here to win, we’re here to fight.”ADVERTISEMENT Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH K-pop star Jung Joon-young convicted of gang rape, spycam crimes SEA Games in Calabarzon safe, secure – Solcom chief Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles02:21‘Bato’ says Robredo has to toughen up: ‘This is war…hindi ka pwedeng pa-cute cute dito’00:50Trending Articles01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games WATCH: Streetboys show off slick dance moves in Vhong Navarro’s wedding Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. CONTRIBUTED PHOTOAlyssa Valdez has been, arguably, the face of Philippine volleyball for the past few years. But on Sunday the Phenom will be the one doing the admiring.The Filipino superstar will be facing off against the resolute leader of Korean volleyball, Kim Yeon-koung, and Valdez admits she’s a fan of the Fenerbahce hitter.ADVERTISEMENT Read Next MOST READ Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC “We’ll just continue fighting because this tournament is far from over.” “I’ve been watching her as a fan, and I’m really excited playing against Korea,” said Valdez as the team prepares for the quarterfinals of the AVC Asian Senior Women’s Volleyball Championship in Biñan, Laguna.Valdez believes the game against Korea will help sharpen the Philippines for the future.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“We all know that Korea is a well-known team in international volleyball and playing against such an experienced team will be a great lesson for us players.”After this tournament, the Philippines will fly to Kuala Lumpur for the Southeast Asian Games, where it hopes to gain a podium finish. LATEST STORIES LOOK: Venues for 2019 SEA Games UPLB exempted from SEA Games class suspension View comments
Junior Letecia Wright, who competes in sprints and hurdles for the Ohio State women’s track and field team, shares her perspective from the Big Ten Indoor Championships at Penn State this past weekend.For the past two years of my college career, my team has been ninth at the Big Ten Indoor Track and Field Championships. When the team scores went up at the end of the track meet, our heads would look down.However, things changed this year. For the first time in my collegiate years of running, my team finished second out of 10 teams. I remember at the end of the meet this weekend my fellow juniors were crying and hugging each other. We knew our team had accomplished something we were not expected to do.Weeks leading up to Big Ten, my team and I realized we had a chance to do very well. We had multiple people ranked in many individual events and our relays were ranked in the top five in the conference.We left to drive six hours to Penn State last Thursday. During the long bus ride, the whole team laughed, watched movies and projected how fast we were going to run that weekend.Come Friday morning, we were up bright and early at Penn State practicing for the first day of war on Saturday. During our practice, everyone practiced their respective races and field events.After practice, I could feel the anxiety in the room during our team meeting. We all knew the first day of Big Ten was going to be a war and everyone had to run fast to make it back to finals on Sunday. I went to sleep with butterflies sitting in my stomach and dreams of winning going through my head.The first day of Big Ten Championships, our team shattered several school and personal records. Our two multi-event competitors both placed top eight and started the day off right.We also had three 60-meter hurdlers, three short sprinters, a 600-meter runner, two 400-meter sprinters and countless others make it back to finals on Sunday. Our distance medley relay got fifth, which also gave us good points for the first day of competition.Everyone left the meet excited because everyone ran their fastest times. A few also qualified for NCAA Nationals.Going to sleep Saturday was hard for me. I knew my team could do well, but I never imagined we would finish second overall as a team. I also never imagined that we would have as many girls place top eight to put points on the board.The final day of Big Ten came and it was a true war. Sophomore Shaniqua McGinnis caused an upset in Happy Valley by beating Penn State’s best 400-meter runner and giving us 10 crucial points.While warming up, I took a fall over a hurdle and hit my head. I really wanted to win and run faster, especially after watching Shaniqua win. Sadly, I did not win the hurdles because of a small mishap at the start. Luckily, my other teammate won it, I battled back for second and freshman Christienne Linton got seventh.These were big points for my team. After this moment, I was crushed about not winning, but had to move on because the rest of the day was filled with many personal records and places for my teammates.The meet was filled with great performances by all the multi-event, sprinters, distance and field event girls. At the end of the meet, we cried, hugged and expressed how proud we were of each other.Even with some of the disappointments we had during the meet, we all worked hard to run fast and support everyone. Now some of us get ready for NCAA Nationals and outdoor season.Though the Big Ten Championships were a great present, we now have to look to the future.
Then-junior forward Freddy Gerard celebrates as Mason Jobst scores an empty net goal during the third period of Ohio State’s 5-1 victory over Denver in the NCAA Tournament. Credit: Nick Hudak | For The LanternWhat was originally expected to be a low-scoring game turned out to be a high-scoring affair, as Ohio State (16-5-4, 9-3-3 Big Ten) defeated Notre Dame (14-9-3, 7-7-2 Big Ten) 4-2, its fourth straight win. Ohio State senior forward Freddy Gerard led the team with two goals, scoring what would be the deciding goal on a power play midway in the third period to secure the win for the Buckeyes.Ohio State head coach Steve Rohlik said that he has seen a more consistent team as of late during the Buckeyes’ winning streak. “I think we’ve had a pretty good season, I think we’ve been more consistent lately,” Rohlik said. “I think we were a little up-and-down at the beginning but I like the consistency that our team’s brought and I think that’s the correlation of having some success.”The second period showed surprising offensive aggression from Notre Dame: a team that is primarily known for its defense. After the first period goal from Gerard and the third goal of the season by Ohio State sophomore forward Austin Pooley, assisted by freshman forward Quinn Preston and junior defensman Matt Miller, the Fighting Irish stepped up, scoring two goals in 34 seconds: one by freshman forward Michael Graham on a power play and the other from junior forward Cam Morrison. Notre Dame nearly doubled the Buckeyes’ aggression, having shot on target 11 times versus Ohio State’s six in the second period.The Buckeyes showed an increased aggression that was seemingly absent in the third period, shooting on target 11 times in total, something that led to the power play that helped lead Ohio State to the victory. “I thought we did a good job at third coming out, skating, moving our feet,” Pooley said. “And I think when we move our feet like that we’re going to eventually draw penalties and we did a good job at that in the third.”Nearing the end of the third period, Notre Dame put the pressure on Ohio State. With their goalie pulled, shot after shot came at redshirt senior goaltender Sean Romeo.Adding eight saves in the third period, Romeo recorded 27 saves on 29 shot attempts in the Ohio State win. “He’s a big-time player, a big-time goalie,” Rohlik said about Romeo. “You’ve seen that out of him before. He made that ESPN save there tonight at the end. Incredible.”Ohio State senior forward Brendon Kearney added a goal with one second left on the game clock, sneaking the puck away from the Fighting Irish and shooting it straight into Notre Dame’s empty net.Ohio State will play Notre Dame again at home at 8 p.m. Saturday.
Manchester City managed to win this season’s Premier League with a huge point gap between them and second-placed United – and José Mourinho hopes that the upcoming season, it will be more narrow.The Portuguese claimed that his side have had a great season but it just wasn’t enough as the Citizens were unstoppable – and if they will gain more than 90 points even the next season, the result will be the most likely the same.The former Chelsea and Real Madrid coach spoke about his side’s next season’s chances as he said, according to Independent:Report: City are stunned by Norwich George Patchias – September 14, 2019 Manchester City was stunned by Norwich City in todays Premier League clash.Much has been made in recent days of the potential impact of Aymeric…It depends on what the direct opponents do. One of the reasons related to your question – you don’t win a title, is it a failure or not – it depends on your opponents.”“I think was in champion in Spain with 100 points [with Real Madrid in 2012] and Barcelona had 91 points. Ninety-one points was a failure for Barcelona? I don’t think it was.”“So in this season, in this Premier League, many clubs had positive seasons, like us, like Tottenham, like Liverpool. But it was impossible because City were really good and consistent and will reach a number of points that makes it impossible for you.”
Manchester United praised the recent performance of Matteo Darmian after the Italian played out of position during their FA Cup win at the weekend.Darmian, was deployed in the central defence during United’s 2-0 win against Reading on Saturday and he received accolades from club fans and boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer.“He [Darmian] is the biggest plus today,” Solskjaer told MUTV after the game.“Matteo looked like he had played there before for a long time. As an Italian, he’s very cultural and very calm on the ball.“He was one of the few that at times tried to settle us down and pass the ball. I don’t think he put a foot wrong.”The 29-year-old had been heavily linked with a return to Serie A but never criticised the Red Devils publicly for his lack of game time.Liverpool legend Nicol slams Harry Maguire’s Man United form Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Steve Nicol believes Harry Maguire has made some “horrendous mistakes” recently, and has failed to find his best form since joining Manchester United.“I can play there. Of course I play at right-back and left-back, for me it doesn’t matter,” he added.“I try to do my best every time and I try to help the team to reach the victory. Sometimes I’ve played in a back three so it’s not a problem for me.“Of course I’m more of a defender than an attacking player, but I have to help the team.”The best way to start the new year at Old Trafford!! 💪 #nextround #MUFC @ManUtd pic.twitter.com/XaomQdvxhc— Matteo Darmian (@DarmianOfficial) January 5, 2019
Bajaj, India’s popular two-wheeler maker is seemed to be gearing up for yet another launch in India. After stealing the Delhi Auto Expo show with the Pulsar SS 400 and CS 400, Bajaj is now seen testing a new Discover model, monikered Discover F150.The folks at OverDrive have posted a set of spy shots of the new Discover F150 which is expected to make its India debut in the near future. Although the details of the bike are scanty at this point of time, emerging reports claim that the new motorbike, which is believed to be the flagship variant in the Discover line up will be priced below the current Pulsar 150.The Bajaj Discover F150 is likely to draw its power from 4-valve, 150cc DTS-i engine which can generate a power of 14 PS. It is reported that the Discover F150 will accommodate some of the features which are borrowed from the existing Discover and Pulsar models and the bike will have both electric and kick starter. Other stipulated features include front disc brakes and monoshock suspension at the rear. Apparently, a naked version of Discover F150 is also on the card for India.Earlier last week, Bajaj started rolling out its Discover 125 in India. It packs 125 cc 4-Valve Patented TwinSpark DTS-i engine which can pump in a power of 11.5 PS and a torque of 10.4Nm. The company claims a fuel efficiency of 76kmpl. The bike which shares similarities with the Bajaj’s 125ST is pitted against the Honda CB Shine, Hero Glamour and Hero Passion Pro in the domestic market.Currently, Bajaj Auto holds 22 percent market share in the two wheeler segment. With the upcoming launches, Bajaj hopes to expand its reach in the country. In February, Bajaj Auto posted a decline of 6 percent in domestic sales for February 2014. The Company sold a total of 273,323 motorcycles as against the 291,297 units last year.
Kavita KrishnanThe senior doctors in abetting the suicide of Mumbai doctor Payal Tadvi have been arrested by the state police, according to latest reports.Earlier, protests organised by the Vanchit Bahujan Aghadi and other Dalit tribal organisations were held today outside the BYL Nair Hospital over the suicide case of 26-year-old Payal Tadvi. She was allegedly driven to suicide by casteist remarks hurled at her by some senior doctors at the state-run hospital, in Mumbai.Payal committed suicide on May 22, according to her mother and husband who joined the protest the senior doctors tortured her due to which she committed suicide and they demand strictest actions against the accused.Dr Salman, husband of Payal said, ” We want government intervention and the police are doing nothing at this moment. It may be possible that they murdered her.”Payal, who was a Post Graduate (PG) second-year resident doctor pursuing gyaenocology in BYL Nair Hospital was found hanging in her room on May 22. On that day she had called her mother and told her that she could not bear any more torture. She was tortured by three senior doctors Hema Ahuja, Ankita Khandelwal and Bhakti Mehare of the gynaecology unit for a very long time as she belonged from an ST( Scheduled Tribe) caste family.They used to harass her by hurling casteist remarks at her as she got admission due to her reservation. They used to tell her that she will not be allowed to enter the operation theatre as she belongs to the lower caste. The seniors even took this to an extreme level by wiping their feet on her bed as they told her that she deserves that.The hospital authorities has suspended the doctors and the three of them have been booked under The SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, by the Agripada police. A 21 member anti-ragging committee is also investigating the incident.Her family alleged that she has been harassed for a long time, a year back she even informed her husband who initially did not react to it but later approacher her unit head to transfer her and she got transferred. But when she entered the second year she was again sent to that unit and finally committed suicide due to the torture.The Maharashtra State Commission for Women has issued a notice to the hospital demanding a reply regarding the action taken for this heinous crime.A senior official of the Maharashtra Association of Resident Doctors (MARD) as quoted by PTI said, ” We have proper evidence that the three senior doctors made casteist remarks at her. We will cooperate with the police in the investigation process.”Samajwadi Party (SP) president Akhilesh Yadav condemned the incident and said that it is a murder of the protection given to scheduled tribes by the constitution.
The associate banks of State Bank of India are likely to unveil voluntary retirement schemes (VRS) for their employees soon as part of the proposed merger with the parent bank — SBI.According to a report in the Economic Times, the board of State Bank of Hyderabad (SBH) has already approved the VRS and other associate banks are likely take the scheme before their respective boards in the next few days.Though details of the schemes are not known yet, the report quoted sources saying that all associate bank employees opting for VRS would get similar benefits. “A good chunk of them are likely to go for VRS as there have been apprehensions across levels about their pecking order under the State Bank of India,” the report quoted officials as saying.While SBI has nearly 2.02 lakh employees, its associate banks have a total headcount of 70,000. State Bank of Hyderabad, which is the largest among all the five associate banks, has around 18,000 employees with State Bank of Patiala having a staff count of around 15,000.The report also said that VRS in associate banks would help SBI in putting a cap on its incremental rise in expenses, which has seen an uptrend in recent years. SBI’s staff expense stood at Rs 6,853 crore in the second quarter ending September, 11 percent over the same period of last fiscal. Its pension liabilities are pegged at around Rs 3,500 crore.Earlier, managing director of SBI Rajnish Kumar had said that merger of associate banks would not be delayed due to demonetisation process and it would be completed by 2016-17. The central government approved the merger proposal in June this year in order to turn SBI into one of the global biggies in the financial world. Meanwhile, bank unions and officials have raised their concerns regarding the efficacy of merger on financial health of those banks.
Chief justice Syed Mahmud HossainNew chief justice Syed Mahmud Hossain said a country’s forward march is seriously hampered if there is lack of coordination between the three organs of the state.”I’ll strive to attain better coordination between the state’s three organs – the legislature, the executive and the judiciary,” he told a reception accorded at the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court on Sunday.A senior judge of the Appellate Division, Syed Mahmud Hossain took oath as the 22th chief justice of the country on Saturday.His appointment by the president on Friday was preceded by resignation of justice SK Sinha following his tensions with the government. Justice Abdul Wahab Miah, who was acting as chief justice, also resigned after his junior Syed Mahmud Hossain was appointed the chief justice.The ruling party leaders criticised in parliament the Supreme Court judges after the Appallate Division published last year the full verdict cancelling the 16th amendment to the constitution.As customary practice, the attorney general and the Supreme Court Bar Association (SCBA) accorded a reception to the new chief justice on Sunday morning.Justice Mahmud Hossain said there that a country can progress through close coordination between three branches of the state – the legislative, the executive and the judiciary.”I’ll try to ensure that the Supreme Court discharges its duties as per the constitution. We’ve to build the image in such a manner that everyone, the weak and the influential, the rich and the poor, can all feel equal in the eyes of law.”The chief justice said the court has to ensure justice for all as per the law. “It will strengthen the people’s confidence and trust on the court,” he added.Paying tributes to the language martyrs, the chief justice delivered his speech in Bangla.Justice Mahmud Hossain also pointed out that the backlog of cases is a major problem of the justice delivery system. “We have to jointly work to solve it.”He noted that honesty is the strength of a judge. “His conscience is his accountability and he has to act as per the constitution and the law of the country,” he added.The chief justice said the responsibility of a judge is to uphold the spirit of the oath and deliver judgement without fear or favour.He said a judge does not require any separate code of conduct if he or she discharges duties as per the oath.
What’s happening at the Fukushima nuclear power plant. Video credit: Reuters. Japan’s cooling problemsWhen the earthquake struck Japan, three of the six reactors (Reactors 4, 5, and 6) at the Fukushima power plant were already off for routine inspections. Earthquake tremors triggered the automatic shutdown of the other three reactors, Reactors 1, 2, and 3 (along with eight other nuclear reactors at other power plants). To stop the chain reaction, control rods that absorb neutrons were inserted in between the fuel rods. But the fuel rods are still hot, since radioactive byproducts of past fission reactions continue to produce heat. When the earthquake tore down the power lines, the plant’s main cooling system stopped working. As a backup measure, diesel generators turned on to spray the fuel rods with coolant. But the tsunami that occurred shortly after the earthquake was larger than the plant’s designers had anticipated, and water flowed over the retaining wall and into the area with the generators, causing them to fail. The next backup measure for cooling the fuel rods was a battery system, but the batteries lasted only a few hours. Later, technicians brought in mobile generators and also attempted to inject seawater into the nuclear reactors, which makes them permanently unusable but could help prevent a complete meltdown.While the nuclear technicians searched for better cooling options, the water levels continued to decrease, exposing the tops of the fuel rods. Pressure also began building in some of the reactors. So far, at least three explosions have occurred in Reactors 1, 2, and 3. The explosions happened when the fuel rods began to melt and release gases that reacted with the surrounding steam, producing hydrogen. To release some pressure and prevent explosions, technicians vented some of the reactors, which also released some radioactive material into the environment. Officials have said that the pressure in Reactor 2 dropped significantly after the explosion there, suggesting that the explosion breached the steel containment structure – the reactor’s “last resort” for containing leaked radiation. Also, a fire ignited at Reactor 4, thought to be caused by a large pile of spent fuel rods in a pond. Spent fuel rods need to be kept fully submerged in water for cooling, but the lack of water has left some of the rods partially exposed. Smoke from the fire temporarily increased radiation levels around the reactor, so preventing future fires is very important. The Fukushima plant has seven ponds of spent fuel rods from the past few decades. By some estimates, there may be as many as half a million spent fuel rods that are still radioactive and could catch fire if not kept cool. Japanese officials have stated that radiation around the nuclear reactors has risen to the level where it would adversely affect a person’s health. Officials have implemented a 20-km (12-mile)-radius evacuation zone, and have advised people to stay indoors. The US has told its citizens living in the area to stay at least 50 miles away from the power plant. Some people have been taking prophylactic iodine as a safety measure; consuming this non-radioactive iodine before exposure to radioactive iodine can fill a person’s thyroid and hopefully prevent absorption of the radioactive variety. Fortunately, westerly winds have so far blown much of the radioactive material out to sea.Overall, because the extreme events that caused the cooling problems are so rare and unexpected, it’s difficult to predict exactly what will happen next for Japan’s nuclear plants. © 2010 PhysOrg.com (PhysOrg.com) — When working properly, nuclear reactors produce large amounts of heat via nuclear fission reactions. The heat converts the surrounding water into steam, which turns turbines and generates electricity. But if you remove the water, you also remove the most important cooling element in a nuclear reactor and open up the possibility for nuclear meltdown. This illustration of a nuclear reactor shows water entering the core and surrounding the fuel rods (vertical red bars). When the water level decreases, the fuel rods begin to heat up and face the risk of melting. Image from video below. A handful of nuclear meltdowns of varying degrees of severity have occurred since the 1950s, when researchers began building and testing nuclear reactors. The most serious instance happened in 1986 in Chernobyl, Ukraine. Plagued by design flaws and operator errors, the plant experienced fires, explosions, and radiation leakage. As a result, 30 people died of acute radiation syndrome, and thousands of cases of fatal cancers and birth defects have been reported in the following years. Today, limited access is allowed inside a 30-km (19-mile) exclusion zone surrounding the area. By comparison, the Three Mile Island accident in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, was much less serious. In 1979, a minor cooling system malfunction led to a series of events that caused a partial meltdown that damaged one of the reactors. However, very little radiation was released into the environment due to the surrounding primary containment vessel. Although the accident caused public concern, no deaths or adverse health effects have been officially attributed to the meltdown. In Japan, the current nuclear crisis at the Fukushima Daiichi power plant lies somewhere in between Three Mile Island and Chernobyl, according to recent news reports. Last Friday’s 9.0-magnitude earthquake and 10-meter (33-foot) tsunami waves that traveled up to 10 km (6 miles) inland overpowered several of the plant’s safety measures. Although employees at the plant have been risking their lives to try to keep the reactors cool, the chance of a serious meltdown seems to be increasing. Inside a reactorInside the core of a nuclear reactor are thousands of long, thin fuel rods made of zirconium alloy that contain uranium. When a reactor is turned on, the uranium nuclei undergo nuclear fission, splitting into lighter nuclei and producing heat and neutrons. The neutrons can create a self-sustaining chain reaction by causing nearby uranium nuclei to split, too. Fresh water flows around the fuel rods, keeping the fuel rods from overheating and also producing steam for a turbine. Explore further But if not enough water flows into the reactor’s core, the fuel rods will boil the water away faster than it can be replaced, and the water level will decrease. Even when the reactor is turned off so nuclear reactions no longer occur, the fuel rods remain extremely radioactive and hot and need to be cooled by water for an extended period of time. Without enough water, the fuel rods get so hot that they melt. If they begin to melt the nuclear reactor core and the steel containment vessel, and release radiation into the environment, nuclear meltdown occurs. More information: via: IEEE Spectrum, The Wall Street Journal, Scientific American, and National Geographic This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: How does a nuclear meltdown work? (w/ Video) (2011, March 17) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-03-nuclear-meltdown-video.html Japan worst-case scenario unlikely to cause catastrophic radiation release: expert
My son is 29. I think he’s gay. He’s avoiding marriage nor do I ever see him with any girl! How do I find out the truth?Sarita Verma, PatnaAttraction for same sex is there from the days of the Mahabharat. First of all, please do not treat him as a paitent or some sort of a criminal. I have friends from all the walks of life, some of them are gays. So what?! They are super successful and happy in life. I think all mothers want that from their children that they stay happy. Talk to him. Confront and but take it easy! It could also be that he’s focussing on career and hence neglecting marriage. Don’t hitch him up with a girl and ruin both their lives or jump to conclusions too fast. Observe and have a constructive confrontation with your son! Cheer up! Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’I have seen a couple of blue films and since then I am always thinking of sex. I’m in high school and feel desperate. I don’t have a girlfriend. What can I do?Name withheld, Noida.Don’t worry dear! At your age, this is normal. The hormones rage. But, concentrating on studies is a priority. Don’t neglect that. After just a couple of years you will realise how important degrees and career is. You can always resort to ‘self love’ as masturbation is always the best way to vent out the feelings. I’m sure, very soon you will find your girlfriend but please don’t jump into a physical relationship until you are sure about your partner. Losing your virginity is a pleasure. Preserve it for the right one. Enjoy life and its moments. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixWe are married and have a kid. How good or bad partner swapping is? We even want to experiment group sex. We both are married, mature and completely in love – this is just for experimentation and to add spice to our sex lives. What do you think?Vinnie, New DelhiWell, I’m nobody to judge the bad or the good of swapping partners. You both are mature adults and you’ll know better what works for you. I’m sure swapping/group sex is a colorful act but can’t really comment on its consequences later. This is the decision of two adults who are participating in it. Just ensure that some momentory pleasures do not lead to permanent damage. As parents you have a responsibilty towards your child. Don’t do anything that will cast a negative shadow in the mind of the young one. Enjoy life. Experiment. But please be extra safe. Life is a long journey and sometimes we neglect consequences while we enjoy the present. My best friends’ parents got divorced. She is shattered. I feel very helpless. We are in 8th standard. How can I help her?Tania Rai, New DelhiJust be extra kind and extra supportive towards her. Help her in whatever way you can. With her homework, taking her out for movies, bringing her over to your place for studies, sleepovers. Your parents can also help by being supportive when you spend time with her.Have a love or life query you cannot find an answer to? Send your questions to – firstname.lastname@example.org